## Abstract

Analyzing the topology of network structures is an important topic studied from many different aspects of science and mathematics. The Wiener polarity index (number of unordered pairs of vertices at distance 3 from each other) is one of the representative descriptors of graph structures. It was computed for several lattice networks by Chen et al. [11] in an effort to understand the properties of these networks. The Wiener polarity index is a variation of the classic distance-based graph invariant, the Wiener index (sum of distances between all pairs of vertices), which is known to be closely related to the number of substructures. In this paper we examine the numbers of various subgraphs of order 4 for these lattice networks. In addition to confirming their symmetric nature, comparing the numbers of various substructures leads to insights on other less trivial characteristics of these network structures of common interest.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 297-314 |

Number of pages | 18 |

Journal | Applied Mathematics and Computation |

Volume | 329 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jul 15 2018 |

## Keywords

- Graph invariants
- Lattice networks
- Subgraphs